- I pazienti di sesso maschile affetti da psoriasi senza malattia coronarica o diabete noti hanno mostrato volumi di tessuto adiposo epicardico maggiori rispetto ai controlli sani.
- I volumi del tessuto adiposo epicardico possono rappresentare un marcatore precoce per identificare i pazienti con un aumentato rischio cardiovascolare.
Patients with psoriasis have elevated risk of coronary artery disease.
Do patients with severe psoriasis have larger epicardial adipose tissue volumes (EAT-V) that are associated with cardiovascular risk?
For this cross-sectional study, we recruited dermatology patients with severe psoriasis and control patients without psoriasis or rheumatologic disease themselves or in a first-degree relative. Participants aged 34 to 55 years without known coronary artery disease or diabetes mellitus underwent computed tomography (CT); EAT-V was obtained from noncontrast CT heart images.
Twenty-five patients with psoriasis (14 men, 11 women) and 16 controls (5 men, 11 women) participated. Groups had no statistical difference in age, body mass index, various cardiovascular risk factors (except high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in men), CT-determined coronary artery calcium scores or plaque, or family history of premature cardiovascular disease. Mean EAT-V was greater in the psoriasis group compared to controls (p = 0.04). There was no statistically significant difference among women; however, male patients with psoriasis had significantly higher EAT-V than controls (p = 0.03), even when corrected for elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (p = 0.05).
A single-center convenience sample may not be representative.
Males with psoriasis without known coronary disease or diabetes had greater EAT-V than controls. EAT-V may be an early identifier of those at increased risk for cardiovascular events.