- L’obiettivo della presente revisione è stato quello di valutare gli effetti delle modifiche dello stile di vita sulla severità della psoriasi e sulla qualità di vita dei pazienti.
- Sono emerse alcune evidenze che modifiche della dieta e tecniche di rilassamento possono essere promettenti nel modificare rispettivamente la severità della malattia e il dermatology-related QoL.
To evaluate the effect of lifestyle changes on the severity of psoriasis and the quality of life in patients with psoriasis.
For this narrative review, PubMed, Embase and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for lifestyle intervention studies with an intervention duration of at least 12 weeks.
Thirty-four intervention studies were included. Most studies performed interventions in the diet of patients with psoriasis (n = 9), or added supplements to the diet (n = 18). Three studies comprised relaxation techniques and four studies combined relaxation or stress-reducing techniques with an educational program or exercise. No interventional studies were carried out regarding smoking, alcohol and sleep. Especially dietary and relaxation interventions showed promising results with respect to psoriasis severity and dermatology-related QoL, respectively. Regarding dietary supplements, the three largest studies investigating fish oil or vitamin D did not show significant effects.
There is some evidence that dietary and relaxation interventions could be promising with respect to psoriasis severity and dermatology-related QoL, respectively. Furthermore, our review identified important gaps in psoriasis lifestyle research regarding study design and reporting of outcomes.