- È stata condotta una metanalisi della letteratura per determinare gli effetti della psoriasi sul rischio di vari eventi cardio-vascolari insieme ad una randomizzazione mendeliana per valutare l’impatto causale della predisposizione genetica.
- Lo studio fornisce evidenze preliminari che la psoriasi e gli eventi cardiovascolari sembrano avere un’origine genetica comune e che i trattamenti target per la psoriasi potrebbero migliorare gli outcome cardiovascolari, suggerendo nuovi approcci per la prevenzione.
Psoriasis has been linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD), including coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial infarction (MI), and heart failure (HF). However, available studies regarding this relationship have shown inconsistent results. Therefore, in this report, we performed a comprehensive review of the literature to assess the effects of psoriasis on risk of these CVDs.
A search of literature until 24 December 2021 was done in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Embase. Within European and East Asian populations, meta-analyses of observational studies assessing correlations between psoriasis and various CVD risk factors were conducted. Mendelian randomization (MR) was then employed to assess the causative impact of genetic pre-disposition for psoriasis on these CVD risk factors.
The results of the meta-analyses indicated that, in both the European and East Asian populations, psoriasis was significantly linked to an elevated risk in the incidence of CAD (RR = 1.51, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04-2.18, p = 0.028 and RR = 1.91, 95% CI: 1.62-2.25, p <0.001) and MI (RR = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.04-1.46, p = 0.017 and RR = 2.17, 95% CI: 1.44-3.28, p <0.001). A positive genetic relationship of psoriasis with CAD was found in European individuals (IVW OR:1.03; 95% CI: 1.01-1.06, p = 0.005) and in East Asian individuals (IVW OR:1.18; 95% CI: 1.03-1.32, p = 0.031). We also established that psoriasis was causally linked with an elevated risk of MI (IVW OR:1.05; 95% CI: 1.01-1.09, p = 0.026) in the European population as determined using an MR approach. Moreover, our MR results were congruent with the null findings from the meta-analysis assessing associations of psoriasis with HF risk.
Conclusions and perspectives
This research work provides preliminary evidence that psoriasis and CVD have a common genetic origin and that targeted psoriasis treatment might improve cardiovascular outcomes. These results not only increase our knowledge of the genetic underpinnings linking a comorbidity of psoriasis with CVD but also suggests a novel approach for CVD prevention.