- La vitamina D ha mostrato effetti sulla differenziazione dei cheratinociti e sulla regolazione immunitaria a livello cutaneo.
- Nel presente studio i livelli di 25-idrossi vitamina D sono risultati significativamente inferiori nei pazienti con psoriasi rispetto ai controlli sani. Livelli ematici carenti di 25-idrossi vitamina D si sono associati alla severità della malattia in maniera inversamente proporzionale rispetto al PASI.
Chronic plaque psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder. Vitamin D has been shown to have effects on keratinocyte differentiation as well as immune regulation in the skin.
The main objective of this study was to assess the 25hydroxyvitamin D [25 (OH) D] level in patients with psoriasis in comparison with healthy control subjects.
Materials and methods
This case-control study included 180 persons (120 cases and 60 age- and sex-matched control subjects) from outpatient department of BPKIHS, a tertiary care hospital in eastern Nepal. Severity of psoriatic skin lesions was assessed using psoriasis area severity index (PASI) scoring. Serum vitamin D level was assessed by chemiluminescent immunoassay.
The mean serum 25(OH) D levels in psoriatic patients and controls were 19.57 ± 6.85 ng/mL and 23.63 ± 6.40 ng/mL, respectively. The difference was statistically significant even after adjusting for confounding factors in a multivariate analysis (aOR 2.929, 95% CI 1.376-6.230). Low serum 25(OH) D levels were negatively associated with the severity of disease (r= -0.628, p= 0.01).
Serum 25(OH) D levels are significantly lower in psoriatic patients than in healthy control subjects. Deficiency of serum 25(OH) D was associated with severity of disease with an inverse relationship with PASI score.